Woman Doc
"There is absolutely no reason you should live with varicose or spider veins."


What causes varicose veins?
The basic cause of varicose veins is gravity. Non-varicose veins fight gravity by having valves that prevent blood from flowing backwards.
What causes spider veins?
Spider veins are small, surface veins that are red or blue and shaped like a spider web or tree branch.
How do I prevent varicose and spider veins?
Nothing can prevent varicose and spider veins for sure, but the following can improve your chances and reduce the symptoms caused by your existing varicose or spider veins
Compression Stockings
Compression stockings, along with lifestyle changes, are part of conservative therapy for varicose veins which many doctors will try first.
Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is the time-tested "gold standard" treatment for varicose and spider veins. It is a non-surgical procedure that can be performed in-office, in under an hour, and without anesthesia.
Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy
Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy is an advancement of sclerotherapy developed to treat varicose veins that are too large for traditional sclerotherapy or are hidden.
Microsclerotherapy
Microsclerotherapy is used for the smallest veins, such as spider veins.
Endovenous Laser Ablation
Endovenous Laser Ablation is a non-surgical method of treating varicose veins.
Endovenous Radiofrequency Ablation
Endovenous Radiofrequency Ablation is a non-surgical method of treating varicose veins.  A catheter is inserted into the vein and pulled along its route to seal it with heat. It treats the underlying veins that cause varicose veins without the side-effects of traditional surgery. VNUS Closure™ and VNUS ClosureFAST™ are two methods commonly in use.
Intense Pulsed Light
Intense Pulsed Light is a method for treating spider veins.  Light is directed on to the vein which causes it to heat up and collapse.  The vein turns into invisible scar tissue.
Laser Therapy
Laser Therapy is a method for treating spider veins and small varicose veins.  A laser is pulsed on to the targeted vein.  The laser heats the vein causing it to swell shut.  It then clots and eventually turns into invisible scar tissue.
Vein Stripping & Ligation
Surgical Stripping is a surgical procedure used to treat varicose veins.  It is performed under general anesthesia. Two incisions are made.  The vein is then tied off and removed.


 

WHAT ARE SPIDER VEINS?

 

Spider veins, or telangiectasias, are tiny visible vessels or broken capillaries just underneath the skin. They develop most commonly on the face and legs and can cause discomfort as well as have an unsightly appearance. These veins are purple, blue or red and usually appear in three basic shapes:  spider or sunburst, linear pattern and branch-like shaped.

Spider veins are common vascular abnormalities, present in up to 30 % of men and 50% of women in the United States.

 

Spider veins can be identified by examining the skin and will usually form in one of three basic shapes or patterns. 1.) Spider – They may appear in a spider shape (hence the name) with a group of veins extending out from a dark center much like a sunburst. 2.) Linear – They may appear as simple thin linear or reasonably straight lines. 3.) Branch – They may appear as tiny tree-branch like patterns. Linear spider veins are often discovered on the inner knee while spider and branch patterns can occur on the face and leg with regularity.

 

Spider veins can develop anywhere on the body from a small mostly unnoticed area to a larger area that may be unattractive. Commonly they are seen on the face around the nose, cheeks, and chin. They can also develop on the legs, specifically on the upper thigh, below the knee joint, and around the ankles.

 

Occasionally, patients may have pain associated with spider viens that may run from a dull, throbbing pain to a larger burning sensation. The larger veins will typically cause more discomfort than the smaller variety.

 

If spider veins become bothersome, they can be treated with; sclerotherapy (injection of a special solution), the laser, electrodesication, or intense pulsed light. They can disappear or become much smaller and there is about an 80 – 90% chance for a greatly improved appearance.

 

Spider veins are not the same as varicose veins. Spider veins are not necessary for the body, while varicose veins are necessary. In addition, spider veins are smaller and sometimes less noticeable than varicose veins. Varicose veins, much larger and darker in color, are often painful and can be related to a more serious medical condition. Separate treatment is usually necessary for varicose veins.

 

Spider veins can occur because of genetics, hormonal changes, pregnancy, weight gain, prolonged exposure to the sun, repeated and prolonged sitting or standing, minor trauma, contraceptives and the use of certain medications. Spider veins resulting from pregnancy usually disappear three months after delivery. (It is recommended to delay treatment if you decide to breastfeed.)

 

Spider veins are known to burn, swell, itch and ache. They can be unsightly and interfere with your lifestyle but there are some prevention steps that can be used to reduce the risk of developing spider veins.